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The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) is one of the world's largest land animals, second only to its close relative, the African elephant. Asian elephants live in small groups of 15-40 individuals, consisting of related females and their young, led by old matriarchs - head females.

Asian elephants are intelligent animals, and they have been reported to be able to use tools. For example, they sometimes use sticks held in their trunk to scratch themselves or to swat insects. They have been domesticated for many thousands of years and have been used as draught and war animals up to modern times. However, the Asian elephant can be an agricultural pest, eating up to 150kg of crops per day.

Gallery Edit

ARKive photos and videos of the Asian elephant